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Harsukh Educational Charitable Society International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research

Volume 4 Issue 2 April-June 2018

Original Articles

Assessment of Renal Stones with the help of Ultrasonography (USG) - A Diagnostic Study
Shishir Gupta , Shikha Saxena

Background: Renal stones are clinical disorder affecting up to 5% of the general population in the world. The present study was conducted to determine the cases of renal stones with USG. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 58 cases of renal stones of both genders. General information such as name, age, gender etc was recorded. In all patients, symptoms, age wise distribution etc. were recorded. All were subjected to USG following standardized diagnostic procedure. Results: Out of 58 patients, males were 30 and females were 28. The difference was non- significant (P- 1). Age group 20-30 years had 7 males and 9 females, 30-40 years had 13 males and 12 females and 40-50 years had 10 males and 7 females. The difference was non- significant (P- 0.5). Common symptoms in males were pain in kidney in 25 males and 22 females, haematuria in 16 males and 14 females, dysuria in 12 males and 10 females and fever/ chills in 24 males and 21 females. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Early calculi had pixel size of 22.1, medium had 25.3 and large calculi had 27.1. The difference was non- significant (P- 1). Conclusion: In present study maximum cases were seen in males as compared to females. USG is useful in detection of renal stones. Early diagnosis is essential to prevent complications. Key words: Dysuria, Renal stones, USG.

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