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Harsukh Educational Charitable Society International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research

Volume 4 Issue 2 April-June 2018

Original Articles

A descriptive study to assess the knowledge and practices of Community DOTS providers regarding DOTS services provided under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) in selected Primary Health centres and Sub centres of Distt. Faridkot.
Aujla Kirandeep, Kaur Hardeep, Gupta Sanjay

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide. In 2015, 10.4 million people fell ill with TB and 1.8 million died from the disease (including 0.4 million among people with HIV). Six countries account for 60% of the total, with India leading the count, followed by Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa. Directly Observed Treatment Short course (DOTS) has been declared as the global strategy for tuberculosis (TB) control by the World Health Organization (WHO) since 1991. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge and practices of community DOTS providers regarding DOTS services in selected primary health centres and sub centres of district Faridkot. METHODS: A descriptive research design was used. Study setting was CHC Bajakhana, Faridkot. Sample size was 100. Purposive sampling technique was used. A socio demographic sheet, a structured knowledge questionnaire and a self reported checklist were used for data collection. RESULTS: Mean knowledge score was 15.9700 and S.D was 2.4390. 36% of community DOTS providers had adequate knowledge, whereas 64% had inadequate knowledge. Mean practice score was 10.6000, and S.D was 1.3999. 80% of the participants had good practice in providing DOTS services, whereas 20% had average practice. 100% of the participants ensure collection of empty blister packs. The least percentage (74%) checks for medication side effects. A statistically significant association was found between knowledge and source of information. Practice was significantly associated with number of DOTS cases completed. CONCLUSION: In-service training programmes should be organized to make the community DOTS providers aware about DOTS services, hence further promote the practices of delivering DOTS services to render the TB treatment more effective to combat the deadly disease. KEYWORDS: knowledge, practice, community DOTS providers, DOTS services, RNTCP.

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